Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly check with quite a few garments, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world use of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for men until finally the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Girls of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the practice just like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket aspect normally includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals opt to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas will often be named PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be somewhat scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from common pidzame pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Although pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, within the US, they've occasionally integrated the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of shorter costume prime above shorts or quick pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly right now consult with Ladies's mix daywear, specifically in the US the place they became popular during the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.